CH3

 

1.      Why does Akamai need to geographically disperse its servers to deliver its customers’ Webcontent?

Akamai needed to geographically disperse its server to deliver its customers web content as today’s internet have been facing many delays. The internet traffic in today’s broadband cable and DSL industry, the exceeding the capacity of routers at local ISP’s are not capable of holding up to the traffic that it receives. Akamai came up with a solution of edge networking by placing copies of content close to the user so that the content only have to move across country once and can be delivered to users from local servers. With Akamai storing copies of web content at different locations around the internet it can be easily retrieved in the form of nearby copy, making web pages load faster.

2.      If you wanted to deliver software content over the Internet, would you sign up for Akamai’s service? What alternatives exist?
Depending on where the traffic to my website comes from I would certainly make use of Akamai's service. If there is plenty of global attraction then I believe it's important to give them fast delivery times on your content. Those few seconds of faster content can make the difference between a loyal and passing client. The case gives no real alternative and I can't come up with one myself to be honest. Unless off course you wish to simply have a web page that loads much slower than your competitors. Perhaps the current success of cloud computing will bring some competitors to the market in which Akamai operates. However if most traffic comes from places near the server that I use I wouldn't make use of their service simply because the speed would already be acceptable. But I believe that any widespread e-service or internet content provider should make use of either Akamai's or a similar service.

3.      Do you think Internet users should be charged based on the amount of bandwidth they consume, or on a tiered plan where users would pay in rough proportion to their usage?
You could do it this way, but then you're talking about the issue that North America is having now with the concept of net neutrality. In this case companies could pay more for a better internet service and the ability to get a larger portion of internet usage. However this way ISP's could simply give these companies the highest speeds and leave the normal consumer with a much more sluggish experience unless they want to pay top dollar to their ISP for their internet connection. I believe equality is an important concept here where everybody should get the same speeds no matter what their usage is. Because once you start with paying for your bandwidth there is no knowing how far the ISP's will take it in augmenting their prices. For big business this could mean that they can offer amazingly fast content availability when using their service. But the run of the mill consumer would be facing slower connection and usage speeds for all other sites simply because the augmented ISP costs could ramp up insanely fast.

 

Projects

 

1.      Select two countries and prepare a short report describing their basic Internet infrastructure. Are they public or commercial? How and where do they connect to the backbones withing the United States?

In China public internet services are usually provided by provincial telecoms companies, which are sometimes traded between networks. They also have ten access points to the world’s internet backbone including points in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou.

In Brazil most of the infrastructure for the internet is privately owned and utilizes fiber optic cables. It also currently has at least 25 IXP’s installed in the country.

2.      Investigate the Internet of Things. Select one example and describe what it is and how it works

A good definition is the network o physical devices, vehicles, buildings and other items embedded with electronics, software, sensors, and network connectivity that enables these objects to collect and exchange data.

One example is a TraKr device that is a small chip tag that can be used to track your belongings via an app on your cellphone.