The Evolution of Artifical Intelligence                                                                         




1950: Alan Turing published "Computer Machinery and Intelligence". Alan Turing created his Turning Test to determine whether or not a computer has human-like intelligence.


1951: Marvin Minsky and Dean Edmunds build SNARC (Stochastic Neural Analog Reinforcement Calculator), the first artificial neural network, using 3000 vacuum tubes to simulate a network of 40 neurons.

1957: Frank Rosenblatt designs the first artificial neural network


1985: Terry Sejnowski creates NetTalk, which learns to pronounce words



 1997: IBM’s Deep Blue system defeats the world champion of chess


2010: Microsoft’s Kinect is released, tracking 20 human features to allow people to interact with the computer through movements and gestures


2011: IBM’s Watson beats two of Jeopardy’s greatest champions and Nevada becomes the first jurisdiction in the world where autonomous vehicles can be legally operated on public roads.

2012: Jeff Dean and Andrew Ng report on an experiment in which they showed a very large neural network 10 million unlabeled images randomly taken from YouTube videos, and “to our amusement, one of our artificial neurons learned to respond strongly to pictures of cats



2015: Google Deepmind's AlphaGo (version: Fan) defeated 3 time European Go champion 2 dan professional Fan Hui by 5 games to 0.


2018: Tesla was one of the first auto makers to launch a self driving vehicle. In their effort to keep pace with Tesla, traditional automakers like Audi are poised to release their own self-driving cars in 2018.