The Evolution of Artifical Intelligence                                                                         



Artificial Intelligence, or machine intelligence is intelligence exhibited by machines, as opposed to the normal insight shown by people and animals. The term refers to machines, robots and software systems that preform complex tasks independently without being given instructions for each individual step. In this narration video, I will walk you through the milestone events of Artificial Intelligence as well as future predictions and the impact that Artificial Intelligence will have on our future.

Let’s start with the milestone events of Artificial Intelligence.
The term Artificial Intelligence was first proposed by John McCarthy in 1956 when he held his first academic conference on the Turing test.

In 1956 Alan Turing proposed the Turing test and in that same year Isaac Asimov Proposed the three laws of robotics. In 1951, the first Artificial Intelligence based program was written to run on the Ferranti Mark 1 machine in the University of Manchester. It was a checker’s game programed by Christopher Strachey and a chess programmed game coded by Dietrich Prinz and in 1955, the first version of the game was created that learned to play by itself. In 1959, the MIT Artificial Intelligence lab was set up. In 1961, the first robot was introduced into GM’s assembly line. In 1964, we saw the first demo of an Artificial Intelligent program which understands natural language. A year later, in 1965, Eliza, the first chat bot was invented. In 1974, the first autonomous vehicle was created at the Stanford Artificial Intelligence lab. In 1989 a large step was taken when, Carnegie Mellon created the first autonomous vehicle using a neural network. In 1997, IBM deep blue beats Garry Kasparov at chess, prior to this chess was thought to be too complex of a game for a computer program to ever beat a human at. This is a simple program designed in c# which has the computer considering 10 moves ahead and considering all possible moves for which it can act on. The computer can also play against itself if you allow the program to choose the next move for you. The program will then consider all legal moves for the human player and determine which move leads to the optimal outcome. In 1999, Sony introduced a domestic robot that was similar to Furby and AIBO became one of the first artificially Intelligent pets that was also autonomous. In 2004, DARPA introduced the first autonomous vehicle challenge that required competitors to produce autonomous vehicles for prize money.
2009 was the year that google started work on their first self-driving car. In 2010 we saw, Microsoft release the Xbox 360 and Xbox 360 Kinnect, which was the first consumer focused gaming device to be able to track the human body movement using only a 3D camera and an infra-red detection, which allowed its users to play the Xbox 360 wirelessly. In 2011, IBM Watson beat jeopardy champions and in that same year, Siri, Google now and Cortana all became mainstream consumer smart devices. In 2015, Google’s Deep Mind’s Alpha Go defeated European Go champion 3 times by 5 points to 0. In 2016, Google’s deep mind defeats Korean alpha go champion and in that same year, UC Berkely launches the center for human compatible artificial intelligence.

So with all the advances that we have seen, what can we expect of Artificial Intelligence in the future? There is no telling exactly what Artificial Intelligence will be in the next couple of years, but here are what experts speculate. Experts have predicted that by 2030, bots will be in our everyday social lives. Bots will be in our homes; parents will be working with skilled bots that will be helping kids with their homework.
At work, bots will be running meetings. Some experts go far to say that we will have a bot confidant that we will turn to for advice on almost anything that can range from what to eat today to whom we marry. Artificial Intelligence’s are also predicted to help improve our health in the future through health apps and even work alongside doctors, giving recommendations about how to remain healthy as well as detect and warn us about a possible heart condition or a growing tumor that our current testing cannot even detect. Artificial Intelligence will also increase our wellbeing and efficiency by picking out our breakfast, morning workouts and our route to work by designing algorithms that optimize our everyday lives.

That seems pretty cool right? The future of artificial Intelligence looks bright and positive, but are there any setbacks to all the advances that artificial intelligence will be bringing? Artificial Intelligence creation is expensive due to the complexity of these machines and it costs a lot of money to maintain and repair. Artificially intelligent entities, however, can only react and process scenarios for which they have been designed for. This brings with it ethical implications as well. AI’s cannot determine what is right and what is wrong like we humans can, so if they face an unfamiliar situation, they can either perform it incorrectly or can cause damage to itself or worse someone else. Artificial Intelligences will also displace many workers from their jobs such as truck drivers, once trucks can fully drive themselves and prove to be more efficient and safer drivers than humans. We have already seen the effects of this on economies as automation has drastically changed the work force, replacing laborer’s with automated bots to build our cars and other consumer goods. It’s not hard to imagine a world where artificial intelligences are cognizant enough to where they can even maintain themselves. This raises other ethical and economic questions, as AI technology has the potential to replace much of the work force today and continues to do things thought impossible for a computer in previous years.

As you can see AI is developing and will continue to develop at an exponential rate. I think it is safe to say that we do not know what the future holds for us, but we can definitely expect a future where artificial Intelligence is in our everyday lives.