1)      4 Threat categories

2)      Mafiaboy used distributed denial of server attacks (DDOS) again corporations such at Yahoo, Ebay, CNN, Amazon and Dell. He was caught by the FBI and RCMP which he claimed in an IRC Channel that he was responsible for the attacks.

3)      Security administrators should read “The Official Phreaker’s Manual” because it can show them the common loopholes in telecommunication system.

4)      www.microsoft.com/security/  and https://www.symantec.com/security_response/

5)      -Equifax, this attack exposed 143 million US customers confidential information


-Wikileaks CIA Vault 7, WikiLeaks published data containing 8,761 documents stolen from the CIA that contained documentation of spying operations and hacking tools.