Shuying Wu

ITS364

 

Chapter 2

1.    Compare and contrast physical property versus intellectual property.

Intellectual property differs from physical property Tangibility

·         You don’t have control over physical item

·         Excludability- 

·         You can’t exclude others from use

·         Non-rivalrous consumption- You can still use it even if stolen

 

2.    List at least five examples of intellectual property that can be assigned copyright protection.

writings, songs, photos, videos, paintings, audio recordings

 

3.    Explain why it is important to register a copyright.

Copyright is a form of protection grounded in the U.S. Constitution and granted by law for original works of authorship fixed in a tangible medium of expression.

 

4.    Describe the two symbols used to indicate a trademark and explain how they differ.

Trademark actually stands for Temporary Mark and then when the mark is approved you get to use the (R)® in a circle meaning registered. The (R) symbol however indicates that the mark is registered and should only be used when this is in fact the case.
Many trade mark owners still choose to use the ‘TM’ despite having a registered mark. This is for two reasons. It can sometimes suit the look of the Logo, Brand name, mark better. It could be argued that the perception amongst the average consumer is that the (TM)™ symbol means a registered trade mark and therefore it holds more weight than a (R)® the meaning of which is far less known.

5.    Indicate who may claim the right of use

Purpose and character of the use, including whether the use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes. Nature of the copyrighted work. Amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole. Effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.

 

6.    Compare and contrast the APA and MLA styles of citing a website

The main differences between these popular citation formats include in-text citations (MLA requires the author’s last name and the page number while APA requires the author’s last name and year separated by a comma); the title for the source page (MLA calls it “Works Cited” and APA calls it “References”) and how authors’ names are expressed (MLA uses entire names while APA uses last name and initials). In addition, the placement of the date in the source page is different (MLA places the date after the publisher’s name and APA places it immediately after the author’s name and is placed in parentheses).

7.    Differentiate between plagiarism and copyright infringement

Plagiarism is claiming attribution for a work you did not author or using someone else's work without proper attribution. Copyright infringement is using someone else's work without obtaining their permission.

 

8.    Differentiate between plagiarism and piracy

Piracy is the act of copying others' works and reselling or redistributing them without permission (“Alex”). It is to make money by selling others' works. ... Therefore, plagiarism occurs when people are too lazy to do their work or want to gain honor, whereas piracy occurs when people want to make money.

 

 

9.    Explain why ethics related to technology are difficult to determine

Ethics in technology is a sub-field of ethics addressing the ethical questions specific to the Technology Age. Some prominent works of philosopher Hans Jonas are devoted to ethics of technology. The subject has also been explored, following the work of Mario Bunge, under the term techno ethics.

 

 

10.  Summarize why file sharing is an ethical problem.

 

The most direct condemnation of the ethics of file sharing is arguing that it has an inherent unethical quality, usually by equating it with theft. That the action can have such an ingrained quality can be found in deontological ethics. Under this framework the intrinsic quality placed on the action is a result of human reason—that simply possessing a pure thought process would lead all to the same ethical conclusion. This uniform basis of reason is actually an evolution from a religious basis of ethics, which defines its morality as a constant given by God and scripture

 

Apply:

1.    Use your favorite internet search engine to find businesses or organizations that have published a code of ethics regarding the editing of photos. After reviewing several examples, write a photo editing code of ethics for your classroom with four or five statements. In a team if three or four students, review each of your codes and compile one code for entire of the class. Share your team codes with the class and collaborate to produce a single photo editing code of ethics for the class. Finally, create a flyer with the final code of ethics to submit for posting in the classroom.