1. What does it mean for an organization to act ethically? How can one evaluate whether this is the case?
Ethics is a code of behavior defined by the group to which in belongs. The organization should apply to directors, officers, and employees; Focus employees on areas of ethical risk; Offer guidance to help employees recognize and deal with ethical issues; provide mechanisms for reporting unethical conduct and so on.
2. It is a common practice for managers to hold people accountable to meet “stretch” goals, quotas, and budgets. Can this be done in a way that does not encourage unethical behavior on the part of employees? Defend your response.
Employees must have a knowledgeable resource with whom they can discuss perceived unethical practices. The organization must have a code of ethics and the employees must know how and to whom they can report violations safely and without fear of retaliation. Managers can set an example by communicating the code of ethics and using it in their own decision making. Employees should be aware of sanctions for breaching the code of ethics. Employees can be rewarded with bonuses of some sort when meeting 'stretch ‘goals while not violating their code of ethics
What Would You Do?
1. You are a recent new hire at your company and have been given the responsibility for soliciting the employees in your 10-person department for the company’s annual drive to support United Way (a national nonprofit organization that works with a coalition of volunteers, contributors, and local charities to help people in their own communities).Your company sets “giving goals” based on each employee’s annual salary. You have completed your initial solicitation of your coworkers, and several of them declined to contribute, while others have pledged amounts well under their “giving goal.” As a result, your department is a few thousand dollars short of its goal. You have a meeting this afternoon with the senior vice president responsible for the company’s United Way program. You are concerned that you may be pressured to resolicit and encourage under contributors to pledge more. Do you think that this is a fair request? How would you respond if such pressure is applied to you?
For me, it’s obviously a donation and they are goals. None of that is a requirement but rather a matter of personal thought and contribution. I personally do not think it’s a fair request but it would only become unethical if the employees were forced to donate the money. The “right” thing to do is to donate, but like I mentioned above, it would be unethical to force donations. Then it is an extortion.
2. You are currently being considered for a major promotion within your company to vice President of marketing. In your current position as manager of advertising, you supervise 15 managers and 10 hourly workers. As part of the annual salary review process, you have been given the flexibility to grant your employees an average 3 percent annual salary increase; however, you are strongly considering a lower amount. This would ensure that your department’s expenses stay under budget and would send the message that you are able to control costs. How would you proceed?
It would be unethical to twist this based on personal gain and image. I would think that in this case it is my responsibility, after the raised are administered, to control the costs thereafter. So when I meet the vice president of marketing from my company, as manager of advertising, I will definitely discuss something about the lower price with him.