Shuying Wu

Ch10

ITS 360

05/01/2019

What would you do?

3. A coworker complains to you that he is sick of seeing the company pollute the waters of a nearby stream by dumping runoff water into it from the manufacturing process. He plans to send an anonymous email to the EPA to inform the agency of the situation. What would you do?

 Ans: I will try to convince him instead of informing EPA, first of all he should try to convince the company that they are polluting the nearby stream by dumping waste water into it from the manufacturing process. Also they must be given alternative solutions for controlling the pollution as well as they must be made aware of the strict laws related to water pollution. Ways for controlling water pollution: Factories should treat effluent waste before discharging it into the nearby stream. Toxic substances must be treated chemically and converted into harmless materials. If possible, they should try to recycle the treated water; Water body should be regularly cleaned and treated. Factories should conduct regular tests to ensure the safety of water. Water treatment plants should be set up by the factories which filter out undissolved materials. Chemical treatment should be given which filters undissolved chemical substances. People should be made aware of the laws related to water pollution and must be strictly followed by all. Common public should be made aware of the water pollution and plays should be performed to educate people about environmental problems which enables people to prevent water pollution.

4. Dr. Jeffrey Wigand is a whistle-blower who was fired from his position of vice president of research and development at Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation in 1993. He was interviewed for a segment of the CBS show 60 Minutes in August 1995, but the network made a highly controversial decision not to air the interview as initially scheduled. The segment was pulled because CBS management was worried about the possibility of a multibillion-dollar lawsuit for tortuous interference; that is, interfering with Wigand’s confidentiality agreement with Brown & Williamson. The interview finally aired on February 4, 1996, after the Wall Street Journal published a confidential November 1995 deposition that Wigand gave in a Mississippi case against the tobacco industry, which repeated many of the charges he made to CBS. In the interview, Wigand said that Brown & Williamson had scrapped plans to make a safer cigarette and continued to use a flavoring in pipe tobacco that was known to cause cancer in laboratory animals. Wigand also charged that tobacco industry executives testified untruthfully before Congress about tobacco product safety. Wigand suffered greatly for his actions; he lost his job, his home, his family, and his friends. Visit Wigand’s website at www.jeffreywigand.com and answer the following questions. (You may also want to watch The Insider, a 1999 movie based on Wigand’s experience.)What motivated Wigand to take an executive position at a tobacco company and then five years later to denounce the industry’s efforts to minimize the health and safety issues of tobacco use?

Ans: Wigand understands that it is impossible to stop cigarette smoking by regulations. So he thought was to make safe cigarettes, which are less harmful to lives.  Later he realized that company is not interested in making safer cigarettes but was more concerned and aimed about its image and its preventing liability. He turned his researches on effects of cigarette additives. One of the additive coumarin, which is a known carcinogen was used for flavoring pipe Tobacco. Wigand suggested removing this substance, but company rejected this suggestion by giving a reason that it will affect sales of cigarettes. After that he got fired from Brown & Williamson in the name of low performance and poor communication skills. All of these experience motivated him to denounce the industry’s efforts to minimize the health and safety issues of tobacco use.

What whistle-blower actions did Dr. Wigand take?

In a TV show called ’60 minutes’, he blew whistle on Brown & Williamson and other tobacco companies that they were concealing health issues of tobacco use.

If you were in Dr. Wigand’s position, what would you have done?

First I will try to blow whistle internally by reporting all of the health issues of tobacco to the CEO of Brown & Williamson. If that not works, I will definitely disclose all of mu findings and what he witnessed to the media and government officials.

 

Critical Thinking Question

Case 1: Disney Workers Replaced with H-1B Visa Workers

1.       Does this case illustrate the need to make changes in the processing and approval of H-1B visas? If so, what changes do you think need to be made?

Ans: No. Retaining talented immigrants is important for the U.S. economy—particularly the start-up and tech industries. So that I don’t think there are any thing should be changed.

2.       Do research to learn how effective this staffing solution turned out—is Disney happy with the results?

Ans:  A federal judge in Florida dealt a blow on Thursday to legal claims by American technology workers who were laid off by the Walt Disney Company and forced to train foreign replacements, dismissing lawsuits by two workers who said Disney had conspired with outsourcing companies to violate visa laws. A spokeswoman for Walt Disney Parks and Resorts, Jacquee Wahler, said, “As we have said all along, this lawsuit was completely baseless,   and we are gratified by the decision.”   From “Judge Says Disney Didn’t Violate Visa Laws in Layoffs” The New York Times.

3.       In April 2017, President Trump signed an Executive Order directing the government to review its policies on the H-1B visa program in an attempt to reduce any abuses of the program. Do research to identify any specific recommendations made to modify the H-1B visa program since this Executive Order was signed. What has been the impact or what might the impact of these changes be?

Ans: Trumps executive order was focused less on restricting the Visas and more on making sure the employment of American workers who are already in the field is safe. The effect this will have is it will be harder for Visas to be obtained and used in the field that Visa workers desire.

Case 2:  E-Waste— an Important Global Environmental and Health Issue

1.       What specific actions should Dell and Goodwill take to strengthen the Reconnect program? How can Dell monitor the large number of participants including employees and business partners at over 2,000 Goodwill locations to ensure that program functions as intended?

Ans: To strengthen the “Reconnect program”, I would implement a system of inspections of e-waste. The inspections would be scoped around to whether devices are salvageable or not, to see if they can be repaired or refurbished. If they must be recycled, then these products will be monitored and escorted to a designated recycling station that Goodwill and or Dell are associated with. There is some missing link to where the product is being sent overseas for recycling. Where ever this flaw is, monitoring and escorting each piece or bulk of e-waste will eliminate most cases of waste traveling overseas.

2.       Why do you think it is that the United States, the largest generator of e-waste worldwide, is the only industrialized nation that has not yet ratified the Basal Convention?

Ans: I believe the U.S. is one of the largest generators of e-waste because of the advancement of technology and government defensives/offensives. Our nation and glut of other countries are becoming technologically dependent on devices and essentially run on power, without technology these days the U.S. would flop. I believe the U.S. hasn’t approved the Basal Convention because the U.S. most likely has prior engagements of trade with other countries, like China, Canada, and Mexico. Those are the biggest out of roughly 1600* exports/imports worldwide. I believe that the spectrum of how many different moving parts there are, logistically, it’s almost impossible for countries to come to one standard in managing e-waste. Some countries are more advanced/efficient than others when shipping and receiving e-waste.

3.       Do research to learn of any proposed or pending legislation intended to close some of the gaps in current federal law. Write a brief summary of your findings.

Ans: Basically, this act is amending the current rules for employers to be able to hire people that are current visa holders. For example, one of the criteria that must be met are, “Petitions for nonimmigrants who, are physically present in the United States, have earned an advanced degree in a field of science, technology, engineering, or mathematics from a United States institution of higher education that has been accredited by an accrediting entity that is recognized by the Department of Education.” can be considered for a position.