Undral Naran

ITS 380 Global E- Commerce

Chapter 8

Case Study Questions


1.             Why did TPB believe it was not violating copyright laws? What did the Swedish court rule?

They defend themselves because they didn’t provide the illegal copyrighted contents to their site. They were operating as a search engine just like popular search engines like Google, Yahoo and Bing. They claimed that they are not liable for the contents that being shared just because they don’t provide the contents themselves.

However, Swedish court didn’t rule in TPB’s favor. Swedish court ruled against them. The court declared that providing search engine opportunity for these illegal copyrighted contents is essentially violating copyright laws of Sweden. TPB provided easy access to search for an illegal content, storage possibilities and a tracker.


2.             How has TPB managed to continue operating despite being found in violation of copyright laws?

They moved their server to many different countries within Europe and some Asian countries. It was hard to catch them and stop their operations altogether because the four founders were constantly moving and on the run. They would move to different country and reopen their server once more after being shut down.


3.             How has the music industry reacted to the problems created by pirates like TPB?

Instead of offering music contents for higher price and distributing in physical form (in CD format), they took the road of distributing digitally online for lesser price. It was more profitable to share it digitally using services such as subscriptions (Spotify and Apple Music). Or even offering consumers to buy music to their device for low price like ITunes.




1.    Develop a list of privacy protection features that should be present if a website is serious about protecting privacy. Then, visit at least four well-known websites and examine their privacy policies. Write a report that rates each of the websites on the criteria you have developed.


·      If the site is collecting information from customers, they should disclose that to the customer.

·      They should give choice or option to customers about private information being shared of that person.

·      Get consent from customers

·      Customers should be able to access to review their consent form with easy access and inexpensive way.

·      The site should be ensure customer’s private information is secure from unauthorized other users than the site itself.

1.    I visited Nordstrom’s site. They disclose that they are collecting information about me. Customers need to fill out general information form. They ask consent from me. They display link to the information about my privacy right.

2.    I visited Facebook.com. I think Facebook is doing fine on disclosing customers how their information is being shared. It is bit blurry how they are using customers’ information; however, it is controllable how I get to choose which information can be shared to public, at least to my own profile. They provide privacy right page, privacy preference and privacy setting tools.

3.    Next one is Pinterest. They provide privacy information and how they collect information etc. But it is not as robust as Facebook. There aren’t a lot of options or tools that customers can tweak. However, they do disclose about their information collecting.

4.    The last one I visited was YouTube. They have similar privacy preference tool as Facebook. I think it is great that they let their customers to choose which of the information can be seen publicly. The also provide privacy information link just like any other sites above.


2.    Visit at least four websites that take a position on e-commerce taxation, beginning with the National Conference of State Legislatures (Ncsl.org) and the National Governors Association (Nga.org). You might also include national associations of local businesses or citizen groups opposed to e-commerce taxation. Develop a reasoned argument for, or against, taxation of e-commerce.

When I searched for e- commerce taxation online, most of the articles were dated back to 2000. I think that is when this issue started becoming very big issue throughout the country. Heritage.org and infotoday.com both took a strong stand for taxing e- commerce. NCSL and NGA are both very reputable and big organizations also both took a strong stand for taxing e-commerce. According to NCSL, states lost an estimated $23.3 billion in 2012 from being prohibited to collect taxes from e- commerce.

In my opinion, e- commerce should be subjected to taxation. E- commerce is just another form of business transaction; the difference is it uses internet. Since the whole era turned into technology era, e- commerce shouldn’t be excluded from responsibilities of general businesses to federal and state governments. If it is true that there was a monetary transaction between two parties in an exchange of good and services, it should be subjected to pay tax despite the channel the transaction took. Since federal and state governments depend on the collection of taxes, that is how they run. Loss of taxation from businesses would directly affect public services and government operations in general.