Xiaosi Zhai

Its 364

Chapter 19

Review and Discuss

1.     Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of using templates in a presentation. 19.1 & 19.2

Disadvantages: Audience may recognize the template from a previous experience and payment of fees to use templates.

Advantages: Saves the user a lot of work and allows the presentation to be attractive and effective.

2.     Discuss the various slide layouts and justify the use of several layouts used most often 19.2

The most widely used slide layout is the Title and Content slide, which allows the user to insert text content as a well as multimedia content such as pictures, tables, charts, diagrams, or videos. The other type of slides includes section headers to introduce sections of related slides, blank or title-only slides, and layouts for displaying pictures and captions.

3.     Discuss the importance of the Slide Master settings in creating consistent presentations. 19.1

The slide master option lets you make design choices that apply to all slides. You can choose the font size and style, background, and bullet choices, as well as other details. In addition, header and footer information, such as page numbers, is also included on the master. This also provides consistent elements that will automatically appear on each new slide that you create.

4.     Summarize the impact that color can have on the audience. 19.4

Colors can increase: learning retention and recall by nearly 80 percent, comprehension by more than 70 percent, willingness to read by up to 80 percent, and selling efficiency by nearly 85 percent. Audiences will be more focused if the background color is dark, whole the text and drawings are lighter colors. This is caused by the eye being drawn to lighter areas.

5.     Categorize the following colors into complementary or analogous colors: bright red/dark green, orange/blue, violet/yellow orange, violet/yellow, and yellow green/green. 19.4

Complementary colors: bright red/dark green, orange/blue, violet/yellow orange, violet/yellow

Analogous colors: yellow green/green

6.     Describe considerations that should be used to decide on text choices. 19.3

Text styling is the most important design decision that the presenter can make when creating a presentation. The text size should always be considered but will be manageable at any point with the best option is to reduce the size increasing it. Generally, font sizes will include serif, san serif, and display. The font will be based on readability and not style. Text enhancements include italics, bold and underline.

7.     Explain when and what type of text enhancement should be used in a presentation. 19.3

Text enhancements include italics and bold that should be used on a limited basis. Underlining is particularly difficult to read on screen and should be avoided. Other choices, such as embossing and shadowing, are also difficult to read. WordArt, which appears to be text, is actually agraphic and should be treated just as you would an image.

8.     Defend the omission of visual effects in a presentation. 19.4

While visual effects may enhance a PowerPoint, it may also hurt a presentation. It is often better to have no images than overuse or overpopulate a slide with an image. Just as you limit the number of text enhancements on a slide, you should limit the number of images on a slide to no more than three.

9.     Compare and contrast four categories of SmartArt diagrams. 19.4

Four categories include processes, cycles, hierarchies, and relationships.

Compare: Every category offers a wide variety of styles to meet your specific needs.

Contrast: A process diagram shows steps of events. Hierarchy provides a decision tree or an organizational chart. A cycle diagram, shows a continuous process. A relationship diagram illustrates connections or relationships.

10.  Explain why a designer of a presentation would choose to leave some white space on each slide. 19.1 & 19.2

White space should not deter the presenter and they should not be afraid to leave some on their slides. This openness will enhance your message and give your audience a breather. Avoid cluttering your slide with too much text, too many graphics, or an excessively busy design. Less is definitely more in presentation design.