Nan Hu



What Would You Do?

5. You have procrastinated too long and now your final paper for your junior Modern Middle Eastern history course is due in just five days—right in the middle of final exam week. The paper counts for half your grade for the term and would probably take you at least 20 hours to research and write. Your roommate, an English major from Saudi Arabia with a 3.8 GPA, has suggested two options: He will write an original paper for you for $100, or he will show you two or three “paper mill” websites, from which you can download a paper for less than $35. You want to do the right thing, but writing the paper will take away from the time you have available to study for your final exam in three other courses. What would you do?

Answer: In this case, I want to apply the second option proposed by my roommate which is “he will show me two or three “paper mill” Web site, from which I can download a paper of less than $35” because even though I just downloaded it at least I just only want to rephrase it or get some ideas unlike the first option he proposed because in the first option it sad to feel that you’ve pass the project but the truth is you are not the one who made it unlike the first option, you can paraphrase it and at the same time you will read and understand the content that is being wrote in the said Web Site.

Though, it seems like my idea wasn’t good enough, but then I know this strategy makes me more focus on my study on my incoming examinations.

6. You are the vice president for software development at a small, private firm. Sales of your firm’s products have been strong, but you recently detected a patent infringement by one of your larger competitors. Your in-house legal staff has identified three options: (1) ignore the infringement out of fear that your larger competitor will file numerous countersuits; (2) threaten to file suit, but try to negotiate an out-of-court settlement for an amount of money that you feel your larger competitor would readily pay; or (3) point out the infringement and negotiate aggressively for a cross-licensing agreement with the competitor, which has numerous patents you had considered licensing. What are the pros and cons of each option? Which option would you pursue and why?

Answer: Being a vice president for software development at a small, private firm, Sales of my firm’s products then I noticed a patent infringement by one of my larger competitors. The term patent infringement means is the commission of a prohibited act with respect to a patented invention without permission from the patent holder.

I will just chose the option number 2 which is the “threaten to file suit, but try to negotiate an out-of-court settlement for an amount of money” because the patented invention that we have is ours and nobody can copy it. Our invention is exclusively and available for our company only but in this situation the solution is to have a communication and negotiation to the said large competitors who copied our inventions and try to solve the problem by paying the original inventor which is our company.


Critical Thinking Question

1.     Target Hires Key Executive Away from Amazon

1)      Yes, it think this case met the three-factor test of the state of Washington to enforce the noncompeting clause of Valdez’s contract. Because Valdez “developed intimate knowledge of the proprietary metrics and analytics” used by Amazon in its supply chain operations.

2)      I think as Amazon's grumbling focuses out, Target pitches on the web and ships to the homes of clients, placing it in direct challenge with Amazon. Target's head working officer expressed that it’s "development relies on our capacity to improve the principal parts of our business beginning with our inventory network.") Which clarifies why the organization would need to expedite somebody like Valdez. An improvement in its inventory network the executives could make Target to a greater extent a danger to Amazon, however what is by all accounts additionally worried to the organization is the learning that Valdez can pass on to Target. Made and actualized Amazon's most secret procedures and measurements, including focused examination of Target and other comparative contenders, in Amazon's store network and coordination’s operations. The Complaint further clarified that Valdez "created personal learning of the exclusive measurements and investigation" utilized by Amazon in its production network tasks.

3)      noncompeting clauses in employment contracts means one party (usually an employee) agrees not to enter into or start a similar profession or trade in competition against another party (usually the employer).This clause according to me, discourages innovation because employee can use their skills and knowledge when they work for another job which demotivate them and stops their innovation in business. Noncompeting agreements, like other anti-competitive practices, poison our economy in larger, less tangible ways. There is strong data showing that they reduce employee motivation, entrepreneurship and sharing of knowledge, the fundamental building blocks of innovation and economic growth.



2.     Intellectual Property Fight over Virtual Reality Headset

1)      The suit was settled for an undisclosed amount after an initial lawsuit of 2 billion dollars was initiated by Zenimax. Courts later awarded $500 million and an appeal court would further decrease that amount to $250 million prior to the undisclosed amount.  

2)      Coming to the question of paraphrasing, meaning of paraphrasing in the current context is copying another developer's source code as such, make fancy modifications to prove that it is freshly written and then deliver the solution. Detecting paraphrasing in software coding is pretty tough. There are a few tools like MOSS, Jplag, and Deimos by IEEE.MOSS - Measure of Software Similarity, developed by Stanford University is not a fully automatic solution to detect plagiarism or paraphrasing, and the tool will not specify why two sets of source code are similar. Human decision making plays a vital role as each codebase require careful examination. JPlag does not compare bytes of text. However, this tool is aware of programming syntax and structure and hence can identify different kinds of attempts to disguise similarities between plagiarized source codes.

3)      In the current scenario the lawsuits have become very common after the advent of various rules and law in the industry of Information technology. This has been considered as one of the most important in today’s privacy identifiable information. This includes the information that can be gained and have access to names, address, phone number etc. So in brief they carry very important information hence the companies who carry them have the responsibility to carry them in a mannered way. But in today’s era of information technology it is very easy for someone to get access to personal information by some unethical ways so it is the responsibility of the company who protects them or else faze a lawsuit and also loss of business. In today’s era it is really very easy to get to the technology and spread it but plagiarism is not acceptable at all so a digital millennium act was incorporated to make it illegal to circumvent it. This includes not only circumvention but also how it is laws are against both therefore they are there to protect the IT rights and those who try to jeopardize them must face a lawsuit.